If you applied for GES recruitment, there is a probability that you may be invited for an interview. For higher ranks in the Ghana Education Service; starting from Assistant Director 11 , there is usually an interview session. Candidates should go through the questions and answers thoroughly as a preparatory tool. This is the Part 1 of our Lessons. Good Luck and Stay Connected.
DIFFERENTIATE BETWEEN CODE OF CONDUCT, CONDITIONS OF SERVICE AND SCHEME OF SERVICE.
Code of conduct refers to the ethics of the profession which are the best practices expected of every worker or staff in the teaching profession. They are the DOS and DON’TS of the teaching profession. e.g. drunkenness, sexual misconduct, embezzlement of school funds, smoking in class, unauthorized granting of interviews to the media, unauthorized collection of monies, etc. are punishable by GES. These are the conducts which tend to bring GES into disrepute. These constitute misconduct.
Conditions of service are the benefits a teacher derives from the service (benefits accrues for being a teacher) such as study leave with pay whilst the Scheme of service is the progressions and promotions in the service. e.g. from newly trained teacher (Supt. II) to Director General (i.e. rankings that one passes through as a teacher).
SCHEME OF SERVICE
UTDBE – Untrained Teachers Diploma in Basic Education. Those who are not able to make the diploma are awarded with Cert A and they start from Supt. II before progressing to Supt. I, Snr. Supt. II, Snr. Supt. I, etc. Those from colleges of education (Diplomats) start from Snr. Supt. II and progress to Snr. Supt. I before climbing to PS, etc. Those with degree (from Universities) start from PS, from PS to ADE II and ADE I to Deputy Director, Director II and Director I. All the District/ Municipal/ Metro and Deputy Regional Directors are of the rank of Director II. They are of the same rank except that they work in different locations. Director Is are the Regional Directors and the Divisional Directors.
The divisional Directors are at the GES headquarters.
Deputy Director General- we have two Deputy Director Generals. They are;
1. Access and Quality (AQ) – He/she is responsible for teachers, teaching, classrooms, etc
2. Management Services (MS)
2. EXPLAIN THE FOLLOWING TERMS:
a. ROLE: A position a person occupies in a group/society and his/her functions. i.e. a position and functions that go with it.
b. ROLE AMBIGUITY: A person who occupies a position and he/she is not sure/consistent of his functions (functions not clearly stated)
c. ROLE INCOMPATIBILITY: A person who occupies a position and his/her functions are not in line or tandem with the expectations of the people he/she serves. It has to do with the expectations of the people you serve. If the functions meet the expectations of the people that you serve then there is NO ROLE INCOMPATIBILITY.
d. ROLE CONFLICT: When the functions of a person‟s position are in contradiction. A person occupies a position and performs functions that are contradictory/ contrary to each other. Performing an additional duty which is not yours.
e. FOCAL PERSON: A person who has a role to perform
f. ROLE SETTING: The people who the focal person is bound to relate to while performing his/her role. i.e. subordinates, supervisors, colleagues, school community, church (unit schools), philanthropist, SRC, etc.
3. FACTORS AFFECTING REGULAR VISITS BY CIRCUIT SUPERVISORS
a. Mobility – vehicles, motorbikes, etc.
b. Allowances (T & T)
c. Personal offices at the education office
d. The heads sometimes report to them what goes on in the schools through mobile phone calls – technology
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4. STATE THE AREAS OF OPERATION OF THE SMC, BOARD OF GOVERNORS, POLYTECHNIC COUNCIL, UNIVERSITY COUNCIL AND DISTRICT EDUCATION OVERSIGHT COMMITTEE (DEOC/MEOC).
GOVERNING BODIES AND THEIR INSTITUTIONS
a. SMC – Basic Schools (From KG to JHS 3 or First cycle school)
b. Board of Governors – SHS
c. Polytechnic Council – Polytechnics
d. University Council – Universities
e. DEOC/ MEOC – Operates within pre-tertiary institutions. They combine the basic and 2 nd cycle schools. DEOC/MEOC has a constitutional backing to oversee the activities of education through the district. NB: DEOC – District Education Oversight Committee.
5. WHAT BENEFITS DO YOU GET AS A MEMBER OF GES?
a. Regular salary
b. Allowances eg. Headteachers allowance, car maintenance, t & t, night allowances for the watchmen
d. Leave – study leave with and without pay, maternity, sick, annual, casual, etc.
e. Pension gratuity (CAP 30) and monthly pension salary
f. Salary advance – 3 months‟ salary advance without interest
g. Best teacher award
h. Salary advance to purchase means of transport, household durables
i. Tax relief
6. WHAT DOES PIGIS STAND FOR?
P – Portugal
I – Italy
G – Greece
I – Ireland
S – Spain
These countries experience winter rains and summer drought. They grow short leafy and citrus fruits.
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7. WHY IS AMERICA CHANGING ITS POLICY TOWARDS ISRAEL?
America is changing its policy towards Israel due to the changes in the Arab political system. The Arabs are changing from socialism to capitalism where individuals with capital can have their own establishments. i.e. they have now embraced democracy. Because of this, America is shifting its attention from Israel to the Arab countries where they can invest in their oil fields.
8. WHAT IS THE MAIN TASK OF SCHOOL EDUCATION?
To develop the potential of learners so that they become useful in future. This is done through developing their skills, values, knowledge, attitude, etc.
9. WHAT ARE THE MAIN FUNCTIONS OF ANY EDUCATIONAL SYSTEM?
To mould the character of the individual such as his/her needs and desires to meet the necessity of societal life.
10. WHAT ROLE DO YOU EXPECT THE TEACHER ASSOCIATIONS TO PLAY ON EDUCATIONAL POLICY?
a. to seek the interest of members
b. to control the behaviour of members
c. ensure that new members perform their duties of which they are paid
d. participate in their activities
e. organizing in-service training for members
11. HOW DOES GOVERNMENT RAISES INCOMES?
a. Taxation: direct taxes e.g. income tax, indirect taxes on goods and services i.e. VAT,
b. Borrowing e.g. Chinese loan
c. Dividends i.e. sharing of interest/ profits
d. Grants: borrowing money without interest or conditions attached.
12. WHY TEACHING PROFESSION HAS LOST ITS FORMER IMAGE/ESTEEM/ DIGNITY?
a. Attitudes of some teachers towards work- drinking excessively, indecent dressing,
lateness to school and class
b. Slow development of teachers both professionally and academically- with the
introduction of distance learning, UTDBE, top ups and the rest, this is gradually being
c. Emergence of new professions – other professions and services are now lucrative than teaching such as banking, police service, nursing, etc.
d. Inattractive conditions of service of the profession
e. Some teachers have not gone through any formal professional training but are teaching
13. WHAT DO YOU UNDERSTAND BY EXTERNALITY OF EDUCATION?
The benefits that an educated person receives from his or her education such as salaries, ability to read and write as well as the benefits that the society derives from the educated person. He/she teaches other people, pay taxes, etc. (the benefits that accrues to society from the education of an individual and the benefits that an educated person receives from his/her education).
14. HOW DOES GOVERNMENT SPENDS INCOME?
a. Economics infrastructure e.g. roads, railways, harbours, airports, etc
b. Social infrastructure e.g. schools (education), health, sanitation, electricity, water, housing, loans, etc.
c. Social interventions e.g. capitation grants, free school uniform, school feeding, etc
d. Maintenance of law and order e.g. during conflicts, monies are spent on security
e. Payment of interests on loans
15. WHY DO MOST COUNTRIES SET AGES 4 TO 6 YEARS AS SCHOOL GOING AGE?
This is the time that the child begins to form conscience. At this stage the child begins to internalize with societal norms i.e. the child begins to learn what is good and what is bad. It is also the time the child begins to interact with the environment and learn to communicate.
16. WHY DO WE STUDY FRENCH IN SCHOOLS?
There is the need to study French in our schools because we are surrounded by French speaking countries. For us to be able to create wealth we need to trade with them. For effective communication with our trading partners we need to learn French.
17. WHAT ASPECTS OF EDUCATION DID YOU STUDY AT THE COLLEGES OF EDUCATION MAKING YOU A PROFESSIONAL TEACHER?
a. History and Development of education
b. Child psychology: this deals with the child‟s mind and ability to learn
c. Aims and principles of education: this deals with the type of education the country expects from an individual
d. Methodology or pedagogy
e. School Administration: this prepares one for headship
f. Sociology of education
g. Test, Measurement and Evaluation
h. Educational Technology and I.C.T
i. Special Education
18. WHAT IS CURRICULUM?
A programme of activities that guide teaching and learning in an educational institution. i.e. K.G, Pry, JHS, SHS, Tertiary (Colleges of Education, Polytechnics and University).
19. WHAT CURRICULUM PRINCIPLES EMANATE FROM PHILOSOPHY OF EDUCATION?
The principles underlying the development of curriculum are;
a. Knowledge and love of God e.g. RME, Social Studies
b. Sound, Moral character and behavior
c. Quality education for all. At all levels of education, there are girl child coordinators
d. Holistic education: the type of education given should make an individual complete citizen at all social settings. That is education should develop an individual socially, mentally, emotionally and psychologically.
e. Nationalism and Citizenship: United in cultural diversity. Though we are of different cultural backgrounds, we share things in common such as food, attire, marriage, etc. That is we see each other as one people.
f. Globalisation and Respect for Diversity – show respect to people from different countries
g. Gender sensitivity
h. Training for self- employment (T‟VET, Polytechnics)
i. Analytical and creative thinking: Ability to give problems and arrive at logical conclusion
j. Problem Solving Skills: Ability to solve given problems and arrive at logical conclusion
k. Education relevant for life – Education given to individuals should enable them fit well into the society
l. Democracy, Respect for culture and tradition. Learning to respect other people‟s culture
m. Strengthening multi-lingualism – Learning other people‟s language in order to learn their cultures easily
n. Science and Technology
o. Life- long learning education – this means education is not terminal
20. WHAT ARE BRICS COUNTRIES?
The acronym stands for Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa. These countries are the world‟s emerging but not yet fully developed economies. The first four BRIC countries are called the ‘’BIG FOUR’’.
21. WHAT ARE THE MAIN FUNCTIONS OF THE ELECTORAL COMMISSION?
a. to create electoral constituencies
b. to conduct elections (district assembly, unit committee, presidential and parliamentary)
c. to educate the public on elections
d. to declare election results
22. WHAT IS DECENTRALIZATION POLICY?
DECENTRALIZATION – is the delegation of power and authority to the grassroots to take their own decisions (to operate)
CENTRALIZATION – is where power and authority is centred at one particular place (headquarters)
23. WHAT MEASURE ARE IN PLACE TO MAKE DECENTRALIZATION POLICY WORK?
a. D/M/M assemblies to make their composite budget through the common fund
b. Formation of sub-district units and committees
24. ARE TEACHERS IN CONTRACT WITH GES?
Teachers are in contract with GES because of the following reasons;
a. Teachers are issued with appointment letters from GES and their job description are clearly stated
b. Teachers have code of ethics/ conduct designed by GES
c. Teachers are paid by GES
d. Teachers scheme of service is designed by GES
25. WHAT IS GENDER?
The roles that the society assign to both men and women. If one is born as a man, then there are some roles he has to perform in the society that are different from those of women.
26. WHAT ARE GENDER ISSUES?
The claim by women that what men can do they can also do it and even do it better.
27. MENTION 5 WAYS A TEACHER CEASES TO BE A MEMBER OF THE PROFESSION.
b. Vacation of post
g. Going contrary to the dos and don‟ts of the service
28. DISTINGUISH BETWEEN RAPE AND DEFILEMENT AND STATE THEIR EFFECTS.
Rape is having sexual intercourse force on female adult without her consent while defilement is having sexual activity with a girl child under 16 years (minor). Defilement is a criminal offence and a second (2 nd ) degree felony. Avoid sexual intercourse with any female student.
a. Teenage pregnancy
b. Drop out
29. DEFINE SEXUAL HARASSMENT AND STATE 5 EXAMPLES OF SEXUAL HARASSMENT.
Persistent actions made on the opposite sex that make him/her embarrassed or unhappy. Sexual harassment occurs usually
a. At the office
b. In cars
c. At home
a. Touching of female sensitive parts – buttocks, breast, etc
b. Indecent dressing that exposes the vital parts of the body
c. Persistent telephone calls
d. Unwelcome dating
e. Forcing kisses
f. Frequent text messages
30. MENTION 5 WAYS A TEACHER CAN DEVELOP HIMSELF/HERSELF EDUCATIONALLY AND PROFESSIONALLY.
a. Through distance learning
b. In-service training
c. Top-up – Cert „A‟ converted to diploma
d. Study leave with pay
e. Study leave without pay
f. Sandwich programmes
Wish all Candidates The Best of Luck as You go through Part 1 of our lessons .