How to Start a Lucrative Farming Business in Ghana

If you want to start a framing business in Ghana, you may be wondering what steps to take first. You might not even have everything needed to start yet, but you are still thinking and planning for the time when you’ll make your move.

The choice of starting a framing business in Ghana is a very commendable one. The Agricultural sector is one of the most flourishing sectors of the Ghanaian economy. With proper strategic planning, any individual having a basic knowledge of farm and farming operation can start a profitable farming business in Ghana.

You don’t need a huge capital to go into the farming business unless you want to go into commercial farming. If you have a little piece of land in your backyard, you can still plant some crops in small or vertical containers to get the most out of your space.

Having said that, you need to learn some certain things about the farming business before committing your money and time to it. Farming business is very lucrative when done in the right way.


How to Start a Lucrative Farming Business in Ghana

In this article, I’ll be sharing with the complete guide on how to start a lucrative farming business in Ghana. All you need do is to read this guide to the end.

Make Your Research

It’s important to do thorough research before venturing into any business including farming business. Research gives you more knowledge on the type of farming you want to go into and how profitable it is.

With proper research, you should know the type of farming whether livestock or cash crops that you’re going into. You also need to know if you’re going into a large, medium or small scale farming.

During the research, you will get to know if you need a diversified farm, where you do a little bit of everything, or you think you want to specialize in one item.

Write a Business Plan

You may be wondering do I need a business plan to start a farming business? The answer is YES. In writing your business plan, you’ll consider your markets, supply and demand as well as everything that pertains to your farm operations, management structure, financial analysis, products, and price points.

You may cycle between this step and the previous one, research because they are interconnected. But a business plan is a significant enough part of starting a business to take up an entire step. It’s where you take your time and document the modus operandi of your farm.

Choose your Crops or Livestock

With your market research and business plan, you should have an idea on the choice of crops or livestock for your farm. A good business plan should tell you what crop or livestock are in demand in your locality. You also need to factor in the climatic condition and soil texture of your location.

Acquire a Land

Getting land in a very conducive environment is an important part of starting a profitable farming business. The size of your land depends on the type of farming and the scale of your business.

A small farm can range from a half-acre with a few laying hens and a small vegetable garden, to 40 acres with cattle, dairy cows, sheep, goats, chickens, pigs, and acres of field crops and vegetables. Some of your choices will be limited by your land and resources.

Additionally, when choosing a land ensure there’s a source of regular water supply for crops and livestock. In the absence of any, endeavour to provide one if you have the resources.

Register your Farm Business

Farming is a very lucrative business especially if you’re doing it on a large scale. If that’s the case, you’ll need to register your business with the Registrar’s General Department and get the necessary documentation. However, if you’re just doing it at your backyard, there’ll be no need for that.

One of the advantages of registering your farm is that it gives you the opportunity to secure fundings in the form of loan or grant from the government. You also stand a chance of benefiting from agricultural intervention programmes like distribution of farm machinery, fertilizers, herbicides and pesticides.

Hire Farm Labour

If you’re going into commercial farming in Ghana, you’ll need to hire fulltime labour to help on the farm. For crop farming, you’ll need them for planting, application of fertilizer, weeding, pest control, irrigation and harvesting. For livestock farming, you’ll need them to take care of feeding, and taking care of the livestock.

You can also employ the service of a veterinary doctor if you’re into a commercial livestock farming as animals do get sick from time to time.

Start Your Farm

Once you have done all the planning, the next step is to get rolling with your farm business. Take a look at how you can get your business off the ground with some starter ideas. Farm planning is an ongoing process, a work in progress. As you implement your plan, you may find it needs adjusting.

Market and Sell Your Products

There are many different ways to market your farm products. Most farmers sell their farm produce in the local market, you can also explore that option. If you have enough traffic nearby, you might find that a produce stand or farm shop right on your own property is a good option. Additionally, you can export your farm products to foreign countries.


With the surge of interest in the agricultural sector in Ghana, a lot of young entrepreneurs are taking advantage of this opportunity. With this guide on how to start a profitable farm business in Ghana, you should get your farm up and running in a few days.

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