Many forms are used to find the slope-intercept form slope intercept form is the one of most common forms used to find the equation of the line. With the help of slope intercept form, we easily find out the equation of the line if any points on the line are given.
It’s a fundamental concept in algebra and is used in various fields, such as physics, economics, and engineering, to model and analyze linear relationships between variables.
In this article we will discuss the following necessary topic which is compulsory for representing the slope intercept topic anywhere these topics are slope definition, formula, find of slope methods, and types of slope. Also, we will explain the slope-intercept form topic with the help of detailed examples for better understanding.
Slope intercept form is the equation that defines a straight line on a graph, where (m) determines the line’s steepness, and (b) marks where it crosses the y-axis. The slope-intercept form is particularly useful for graphing linear equations and making predictions.
You can easily identify the slope and y-intercept from this form, which provides valuable information about how the variables are related linearly.
The formula of slope intercept form is given below
Steps for finding slope intercept form
To find the equation of the line in slope-intercept form, we follow the steps below.
- Start with a Linear Equation: Begin with a linear equation in standard form, which is written as (Ax + By = C), where (A), (B), and (C) are constants.
- Solve for (y): Rearrange the equation to solve for (y) by isolating it on one side of the equation. The goal is to get (y) on its own, like y = (some expression involving x)
- Identify the Slope and Y-Intercept: Once you’ve solved for (y), the equation should be in the form (y = mx + b). Here, coefficient of (x) and (b) of the y-intercept form and m represent the slope.
- (m) and (b) value find: Read the values of (m) and (b) directly from the equation.
- Slope-Intercept Form write equation: And last step writes the required equation of line
A y=mx+b calculator by AllMath can be used to find the equation of the line in slope-intercept form according to the above steps.
Slope intercept form: Types
In this section, we will discuss some major types of slope intercept forms.
- Positive Slope, Positive Y-Intercept: When (m) is positive and (b) is positive, the line has a positive slope and crosses the y-axis above the origin. It indicates a direct relationship where (y) increases as (x) increases.
- Positive Slope, Negative Y-Intercept: When (m) is positive and (b) is negative, the line still has a positive slope but crosses the y-axis below the origin. In positive case both increase and negative case one increase other decrease.
- Negative Slope, Positive Y-Intercept: When (b) is positive and (m) is negative, the line has a negative slope and crosses the y-axis above the origin. It suggests an inverse relationship where (y) decreases as (x) increases.
- Negative Y-Intercept, Negative Slope: When (b) is negative and (m) is negative, the line has a negative slope and crosses the y-axis below the origin. It signifies an inverse relationship, but there’s an initial negative offset.
- Horizontal Line: If (m) is 0, the line is horizontal (y = b). It means (y) remains constant regardless of changes in (x).
- Vertical Line: A vertical line doesn’t have a slope-intercept form in this format because its slope is undefined (division by zero). Vertical lines are typically represented as (x =) a constant value.
These variations in the values of (m) and (b) allow the slope-intercept form to describe different linear relationships and lines on a graph.
How to find line’s equation using slope intercept form?
In this section, we will explain the understanding concept of the slope-intercept form with the help of detailed examples.
Example # 1:
For the y-intercept form of the equation of line is 8 and slope is 7 determine the equation of line?
Step 1: Given the value of the line
b = 8
m = 7
Formula of line equation
y = mx +b (1)
Putt value in equation (1) we get the equation of line
y = 7x + 8
Example # 2:
If two points of the line is given (x1, x2) = (9,10) and (y1, y2) = (11, 13). By using these points of line determine the slope of the line.
We know that to find the equation of the line we require the slope and points of the line and in this question points of the line are already given and now we find the slope with the help of given points on the line.
Step 1: Find the slope of the line by using the given points we get.
We know that the formula for the slope
m = y2 – y1/x2-x1
put the given value of given points on the line then simplify them we get the value of slope.
m = 11-13/ 9-10
m = -2/-1
m = 2
After finding the slope of the line now we determine the equation of the line
Formula for the equation of the line
y = mx + b (1)
put all values in the given equation we get the value of b.
y = 2x + b
Also, we chose the first point of the given point of line
11 = 2(9) + b
b = -7
put the value of b and slope value in equation (1) we get the required equation of slope.
y = 2x -11
In this article we have covered the following necessary topic, which is compulsory for representing the slope intercept topic anywhere these topics are slope definition, formula, find of slope methods, and types of slope. In addition, we will explain the slope-intercept form topic with the help of detailed examples for better understanding. I hope anyone will be easily able to present the slope-intercept form topic after completing studying this article.
In this section we will discuss the concept of slope intercept form with the help of maximum asked questions related to this topic also, with the help of these questions anyone can improve their knowledge regarding slope intercept form.
Question # 1:
What is the meaning of positive and negative slope?
A positive slope (m > 0) and negative slope (m < 0) in positive case x increase also y increase while another negative slope x increase then y decrease. So, also, we said that in the positive case, both are direct to each other but in the negative case both are connected with indirect case or inversely connected.
Question # 2:
How do I graph a linear equation in slope-intercept form?
To graph a line in slope-intercept form, start at the y-intercept (b) and use the slope (m) to determine the rise (vertical change) over the run (horizontal change) to find additional points on the line. then putt these point to determine the equation of line.
Question # 3:
What are some real-world applications of the slope-intercept form?
The slope-intercept form is used in various fields, including physics, economics, engineering, and data analysis, to model and analyze linear relationships. For example, it can be used to predict sales based on advertising spending, analyze motion in physics, or calculate cost functions in business.