Is Education in Ghana Free ?

Upon the arrival of colonial masters in Africa, we were introduced to other forms of education which involves spending some time out of your household to learn.

This is quite different from the pre-colonial era where all one had to do was learn mostly subsistence farming.

In the post-colonial era today, formal education is still very important in the state of any country’s economy. Maybe that is why the quote the more you learn the more you earn is quite popular.

Every country has various regulations and policies as regards education in their country. These policies were created to ensure that the education sector continues to thrive at all times.


Some people might wonder if there are policies regarding education, some might even ask if education is free and accessible to everyone in ghana.

The education system in Ghana

The Ministry of Education in Ghana helps to oversee and ensure that all educational institutions comply with all educational policies in Ghana.

Presently, the educational system in Ghana operates on a 6-3-4-4 System
  • Primary School – 6 years
  • Junior Secondary School – 3 years
  • Senior Secondary School – 3 years
  •  Bachelor’s Degree – 4 years

At all levels of education, the official language of instruction is English, but there are provisions for learning french and Ghanian languages up until the 9th grade.

Also, senior secondary students are expected to sit for and pass WAEC examinations in order to proceed for a bachelor’s degree at a university of their choice.

Is Education Free in Ghana?

Well, due too the high numbers of students and a limited number of public schools in Ghana, the government entered into a public-private partnership agreement in the education sector.

While not everyone can afford to attend a private school, the government has made especially secondary school education free and accessible to everyone.


Free education was re-introduced by President Nana Akufo-Addo in a means to make education free for people of different socio-economic classes.

Also, there are public universities, vocational colleges, technical schools whose fees are at a subsidized and affordable rate.


Although there are government-owned institutions that you can attend for free or at subsidized rates, But there is usually high competition for enrollment in such places.

One way to be considered for enrollment would be that you make adequate preparations to pass your entrance examinations.


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